COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES.- Grammar Tips

Comparatives & Superlatives

DEFINICIÓN

Comparatives and superlatives ¿sabes diferenciar su uso?

Mierntras los adjetivos comparativos se utilizan para comparar una determinada característica o cualidad entre dos o más cosas, animales o personas, los adjetivos superlativos expresan el grado máximo de una característica de un elemento con respecto a otros de su mismo grupo o condición.

USO

  • Comparative adjectives se utilizan para comparar una determinada característica o cualidad entre dos o más cosas, animales o personas.
  • Superlative adjectives expresan el grado máximo de una característica de un elemento con respecto a otros de su mismo grupo o condición.

comparatives and superlatives

comparatives and superlatives

¿CÓMO LOS CREAMOS?

  • En los adjetivos de una sílaba generalmente se añade la terminación final -er en los comparativos. En cuanto a los superlativos, se añade el artículo the delante del adjetivo y la terminación -est detrás.
  • En cambio lo adjetivos de dos sílabas para construir el comparativo se añade mayoritariamente la partícula more delante sin alterar el adjetivo, pero en algunos casos también se les puede añadir la terminación -er, aunque es menos frecuente.

Para formar el superlativo, en cambio, se añade la partícula the most delante sin alterar el adjetivo, o bien se puede añadir el artículo the delante del adjetivo y la terminación -est detrás.

EXERCISES FOR COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

  • COMPLETE THE ADJECTIVES USING THE COMPARATIVE FORM

1. It´s too noisy here. Can we go to a (quiet) place?

2. The hotel was (big) than that in which we stayed last year.

3. Your work is (good) than mine.

4. The accident could have been (bad) than it was.

5. I was (nervous) in my exam yesterday than Mark.

6. I´d like to have a (fast) car. The one I have now is really old.

7. Last week it was really hot. Today is (cold) than then.

  • WHICH IS CORRECT?

1. We have an (older / more old) brother who lives in Miami.

2. Her illness is (more serious / most serious) than what the doctors expected.

3. I like warm weather. If the weather is (more cold / colder), I will get sick.

4. This dress is more beautiful / most beautiful) than that one.

5. He is (richer / more rich) than Arthur.

6. This road is (farther / more far) than the motorway.

7. Was the TV programme (worse / more bad) than the film?

  • COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE SUPERLATIVE FORM OF THE ADJECTIVES

1. It´s a very nice house. It´s _______ house in the street.

2. This is a cheap restaurant. It´s ________ I´ve ever been.

3. It was a very valuable painting. I´m sure it was ______ painting in the gallery.

4. She´s a very good tennis player. Her trainer says she is _________.

5. He´s a very dangerous criminal. The police says he is _________ in the country.

6. We should buy him a beautiful present. Last year we gave him __________ gift of all in his birthday.

  • WRITE THE COMPARATIVE OR SUPERLATIVE FORM OF THE ADJECTIVES IN THESE SENTENCES

1. She was a very intelligent student. She was _________ girl in her class.

2. It´s a very old castle. Experts argued it is ________ in Britain.

3. I´m going to sleep on the sofa. The floor is ___________ (uncomfortable) than it.

4. This new job is __________ (important) for me than the last I had.

5. Living in the countryside is __________ (healthy) than living in town.

6. These instructions were _________ (difficult) ones  I have ever read.

https://www.ejerciciosinglesonline.com/new-exercises/ex-comparative-superlative/

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