Grammar.- THERE IS y THERE ARE

Las expresiones there is y there are hablan de la existencia o no-existencia de las cosas, como en español hay.

Por ejemplo…

Hay algo de café en la cocina. = There is some coffee in the kitchen

Hay dos personas en el ascensor. = There are two people in the elevator.

La gran diferencia con el español es que en inglés diferenciamos entre there is en singular y there are en plural.

Aquí la explicación de cómo usar there is y there are – y también los ejemplos de frases.

There is y there are para singular y plural

Usamos there is para singular (y para cosas incontables). Por ejemplo:

There is a dog in the park.

There is a man at the door.

There is a gas station down the street.

There is a bus stop on the corner.

There’s some wine in the bottle.

there is there are

Ejemplos de “there are” para plurales

Usamos there are con sustantivos en plural.

There are three bottles of beer in the fridge.

There are six cats in the living room.

There are several shops on this street.

There are some people outside.

There’re two new students in class.

*Cuidado: ¡People es plural! En singular, se dice person.

There’s a dog on the sofa. Right next to that handsome ginger guy.

Ten en cuenta que se usa muchas veces there’s como forma corta. También es posible there’re.

Hay un par de ejemplos arriba. Aquí más:

I’m sorry. There’s nothing I can do.

There’re a few bananas in that bag if you’re hungry.

There’s a loaf of bread in the kitchen.

There’re some sandwiches on the table.

Seguimos, con las negaciones y preguntas…

Cómo usar there is y there are en negaciones y preguntas

Para hacer la negación, se usa isn’t/aren’t, como siempre, según el sustantivo singular o plural.

There isn’t any food in the fridge.

There aren’t any cats in the living room.

There isn’t a church near here.

There aren’t any shops on this street.

There isn’t a cinema in my town, but there used to be one.

There aren’t many cookies left. We ate most of them.

La pregunta se hace colocando el verbo al principio de la frase, y la respuesta corta se hace repitiendo las mismas palabras en singular o plural, positivo o negativo, según el caso.

Q: Are there any shops on this street?

A: Yes, there are.

Q: Is there any food in the fridge?

A: Yes, there is.

Q: Is there a message for me?

A: No, there isn’t.

Q: Are there any people on the train?

A: No, there aren’t.

También podemos hacer preguntas abiertas con how much, how many, etc.

Q: How many tomatoes are there in the fridge?

A: There are 3 tomatoes in the fridge.

Q: How many people are there on the bus?

A: There are 10 people on the bus.

Q: How much coffee is there in the kitchen?

A: There’s only a little coffee in the kitchen.

Y para acabar unos enlaces con ejercicios y varios ejercicios con imágenes:

https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a_Second_Language_(ESL)/There_is_-there_are/There_is-_there_are_na601gy

https://www.superprof.es/apuntes/idiomas/ingles/gramatica-inglesa/verbs/exercises-there-is-are-simple-present-i.html

____ a police car.   

There is
There are

____ some cherries.   

There is
There are

____ a butterfly.   

There is
There are

____ many flowers.   

There is
There are



_____ two kids.   

There is
There are

____ a monkey.   

There is
There are

____ a few birds.   

There is
There are

____ three children.   

There is
There are
Choose the correct option:
01.- There is / There are
some bananas.
02.-There is / There are
one clock.
03.- There is / There are
a butterfly
04.- There is / There are
two lamps.
05.- There is / There are
some books.
06.- There is / There are
some water.
07.- There is / There are
some tomatoes.
08.- There is / There are
two mice.
09.- There is / There are
a parrot.
10.- There is / There are

a cat.

The last exercise:

____________ a Spanish girl in my class.

_____________ a pencil in my schoolbag.

_____________ five apples in the basket.

______________ a jumper on the chair.

_____________ a spider in the grass.

______________ some children in the house.

______________ six forks next to the plate.

Y un link a un post de prepositions con algunos ejemplos con la estructura ‘there is’ y ‘there are’:

Si tienes alguna duda sobre los usos de estas dos formas, escríbenos a brickfield.ci@gmail.com

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