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PAST SIMPLE FORMS.- Grammar Tips

Ya os hablamos del past simple de los verbos en inglés, pero nos centramos en los verbos regulares, hoy vamos a ver un poco más este tema, y añadiremos el past simple of irregular verbs.

Para formar el pasado simple con los verbos regulares, hemos de añadir -ed al infinitivo, aquí algunos ejemplos:

  • Start = started
  • Jump = jumped
  • Dance = danced

Parece sencillo y lo es pero hay algunas reglas a tener en cuenta:

  1. Si el verbo termina en «-E», añadiremos un «-D» al final:
  • Agree = agreed
  • Like = liked

2. Si el verbo termina en vocal + consonante, la consonante se duplicará:

  • Stop = stopped
  • Plan = planned

3. Si el verbo termina con la consonante «-Y» , eliminaremos la «-Y» la cambiaremos por «-IED»:

  • Try = tried
  • Carry = carried

PERO si el verbo termina en vocal+Y sólo añadiremos «-ED»:

  • Play = played
  • Enjoy= enjoyed

*La forma verbal es la misma para todas las personas (I, you, he/she/it, we, you, they)

Los verbos irregulares, tal y como su nombre indica, no siguen esta norma de añadir -ed, pueden variar las terminaciones, incluso el cuerpo central del verbo, así que os mostramos los más usados y útiles para cualquier redacción y básicos en el nivel B1.

LISTA DE LOS VERBOS IRREGULARES MÁS COMUNES

Infinitive Simple Past Past Participle Spanish
arise arose arisen surgir
be was / were been ser
beat beat beaten golpear
become became become convertirse
begin began begun comenzar
bet bet/betted bet/betted apostar
bite bit bitten morder
bleed bled bled sangrar
blow blew blown soplar
break broke broken romper
bring brought brought traer
build built built construir
buy bought bought comprar
catch caught caught atrapar
choose chose chosen elegir
come came come venir
cost cost cost costar
creep crept crept arrastrarse
cut cut cut cortar
deal dealt dealt dar, repartir
do did done hacer
draw drew drawn dibujar
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed soñar
drink drank drunk beber
drive drove driven conducir
eat ate eaten comer
fall fell fallen caer
feed fed fed alimentar
feel felt felt sentir
fight fought fought pelear
find found found encontrar
flee fled fled huir
fly flew flown volar
forget forgot forgotten olvidar
forgive forgave forgiven perdonar
forsake forsook forsaken abandonar
freeze froze frozen congelar
get got got tener, obtener
give gave given dar
go went gone ir
grind ground ground moler
grow grew grown crecer
hang hung hung colgar
have had had tener
hear heard heard oír
hide hid hidden esconderse
hit hit hit golpear
hold held held tener, mantener
hurt hurt hurt herir, doler
keep kept kept guardar
kneel knelt knelt arrodillarse
know knew known saber
lead led led encabezar
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned aprender
leave left left dejar
lend lent lent prestar
let let let dejar
lie lay lain yacer
lose lost lost perder
make made made hacer
mean meant meant significar
meet met met conocer, encontrar
pay paid paid pagar
put put put poner
quit quit/quitted quit/quitted abandonar
read read read leer
ride rode ridden montar, ir
ring rang rung llamar por teléfono
rise rose risen elevar
run ran run correr
say said said decir
see saw seen ver
sell sold sold vender
send sent sent enviar
set set set fijar
sew sewed sewn/sewed coser
shake shook shaken sacudir
shine shone shone brillar
shoot shot shot disparar
show showed shown/showed mostrar
shrink shrank/shrunk shrunk encoger
shut shut shut cerrar
sing sang sung cantar
sink sank sunk hundir
sit sat sat sentarse
sleep slept slept dormir
slide slid slid deslizar
sow sowed sown/sowed sembrar
speak spoke spoken hablar
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled deletrear
spend spent spent gastar
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled derramar
split split split partir
spoil spoilt/spoiled spoilt/spoiled estropear
spread spread spread extenderse
stand stood stood estar de pie
steal stole stolen robar
sting stung stung picar
stink stank/stunk stunk apestar
strike struck struck golpear
swear swore sworn jurar
sweep swept swept barrer
swim swam swum nadar
take took taken tomar
teach taught taught enseñar
tear tore torn romper
tell told told decir
think thought thought pensar
throw threw thrown lanzar
tread trode trodden/trod pisar
understand understood understood entender
wake woke woken despertarse
wear wore worn llevar puesto
weave wove woven tejer
weep wept wept llorar
win won won ganar
wring wrung wrung retorcer
write wrote written escribir

Completa las frases con la forma correcta del verbo que se encuentra entre paréntesis.

Sample

Last night we ____ (walk) to the cinema.

Q1 of 10

Sam ____ (stop) the car to take a picture.

Q2 of 10

I ____ (study) for the exam for three hours.

Q3 of 10

They ____ (be) happy to be home.

Q4 of 10

Sally _____ (be) disappointed she _____ (miss) the party.

Sally (be) disappointed she (miss) the party.
Q5 of 10

When I was young, we always ____ (go) to Florida for the summer.

Q6 of 10

Dan ____ (not/work) last week.

Q7 of 10

_____ you _____ (wash) the dishes?

you (wash) the dishes?
Q8 of 10

I ____ (dream) I could fly last night.

Q9 of 10

We ____ (meet) them at the restaurant.

Q10 of 10

_____ you _____ (find) your book?

you (find) your book?

Conjuga los verbos entre paréntesis en past simple.

  1. William (visit) ________ his grandparents last weekend.
  2. Jane (arrive) ________ an hour ago.
  3. We (go) _________ to Bob’s birthday party yesterday.
  4. I (be) __________ on holiday last week.
  5. She (see) ________ fire.

Transforma las oraciones siguientes en negativas.

  1. I phoned Lucy last night. → I ____Lucy last night.
  2. You tidied up your room. → You _____ up your room.
  3. Olivia became an actress. → Olivia ______ an actress.
  4. We found the treasure. → We ________ the treasure.
  5. He spoke Spanish. → He __________ Spanish.

Formula oraciones interrogativas en past simple.

  1. (you/dance)  at the party last night?
  2. (she/do)  her homework?
  3. (Robert/work)  at the post office?
  4. (they/help)  you with the washing-up?
  5. When (I/say)  that?

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