The house.- C1 vocabulary

Para seguir con el C1 vocabulary, vamos con un tema básico, pero no por ello más sencillo, ya que hay muchos conceptos importantes, y la lista tan larga lo complica.

Venimos con todo lo necesario para conocer cada parte, zona y artilugio de la casa: ‘The house‘.

home, at homecasa, en casa
(kitchen) sinkfregadero
a picture, paintingcuadro, pintura
a radiator, a heaterradiador, calefactor, estufa
blanketmanta
chest of drawerscómoda, cajonera
clean, neat, tidylimpio, aseado, ordenado
comfortablecómodo
cushioncojín
dark, gloomyoscuro, sombrío
dirtysucio
dustpolvo
dustypolvoriento
keyllave
light, brightluminoso, iluminado
modernmoderno
rubbish bin, dustbinbasurero, cubo de basura
spacious, roomyespacioso, amplio
stooltaburete
toothpastepasta de dientes, dentífrico
bathtubbañera
blindpersiana
broomescoba
brushcepillo
carpetalfombra
clockreloj
cupboard, wardrobearmario
flat, apartmentpiso, apartamento
mirrorespejo
showerducha
windowventana
airconaire acondicionado
armchairsillón
electric socket, powerenchufe
pointtoma de corriente
ironplancha
balconybalcón
buildingedificio
bulb, lightbulbbombilla
ceilingtecho
central heatingcalefacción central
chairsilla
chimneychimenea
curtaincortina
dirt, dirtiness, filthsuciedad
doorpuerta
doorbelltimbre
doormatfelpudo
downstairsplanta baja
drawercajón
fanventilador
fencevalla, verja
fireplacechimenea
floor, groundsuelo
furnituremobiliario
gateverja, reja
handlepicaporte
hangerpercha
hedgeseto
housecasa
household chorestareas de casa
inside, indoorsdentro de casa
landlordcasero
lawncésped
letterboxbuzón
lightluz, lámpara
light switchinterruptor
lockcerradura
matresscolchón
outside, outdoorsfuera de casa, exterior
pantry, cupboarddespensa, alacena
phoneteléfono
pillowalmohada
quilt, duvetedredón, colcha
rentalquiler
shutterpersiana
sideboardaparador
soapjabón, detergente
sofasofá
tablemesa
televisiontelevisión, televisor
bedcama
shampoochampú
sheetsábana
toweltoalla
tileazulejo, baldosa
upstairspiso de arriba
vacuum cleaner, hooveraspirador, aspirador
wallmuro, pared
wallpaperpapel pintado, papel de pared
washbasin, sink (bathroom)lavabo
washing machinelavadora
dishwasherfriegaplatos

IN THE KITCHEN

plateplato
blenderbatidora, licuadora
bucketcubo
corkscrewsacacorchos
pansartén
vasejarrón, florero
bowlbol, cuenco
cutlerycubertería
forktenedor
freezercongelador
fridge, refrigeratornevera, refrigerador
glassvaso
kettlehervidor, tetera
kitchenwareutensilios de cocina
microwavemicroondas
saucepancacerola, olla
shelfestantería, estante
spooncuchara
tableclothmantel
tapgrifo
alarm clockdespertador
lamplámpara
ovenhorno
opener, can openerabridor, abrelatas

PARTS OF THE HOUSE

backyardpatio o jardín trasero
floor, storeysuelo, piso
frontyardterraza o jardín delantero
atticático
balconybalcón
bathroombaño
bedroomdormitorio
cellar, basementsótano
dining roomcomedor
first floorprimera planta
garagegaraje
gardenjardín
hall, hallway, corridorpasillo
kids roomhabitación infantil
kitchencocina
laundrylavadero, cuarto de la lavadora
living/sitting room, loungesalón
parkingaparcamiento, estacionamiento
pathcarril, camino
rooftejado, techo
roomhabitación, sala
second floorsegunda planta
staircase, stairway, stairsescaleras
study (room)estudio
deskescritorio
ground floorplanta baja, bajo

USEFUL VERBS

to turn on/ switch on (light, TV…)encender
to build/ constructconstruir
to cleanlimpiar
to clean/ brush my teethlavarse los dientes
to close, shutcerrar
to close/ draw the curtainscorrer las cortinas
to do DIY (do it yourself)hacer manualidades
to do gardeninghacer jardinería
to do the houseworkshacer las tareas de casa/ domésticas
to do the ironingplanchar
to do the washing upfregar los platos
to do the laundry/ washingponer la lavadora
to get up/ to riselevantarse
to go to bed/ to lie downacostarse
to go to sleep/ to fall asleepirse a dormir, dormirse
to hang out/up the washing/laundrytender la ropa
to have a spring cleanhacer una limpieza profunda/ a fondo
to have/take a bathbañarse, tomar un baño
to have/take a showerducharse
to hoover/ vacuumaspirar
to ironplanchar
to load the dishwashercargar/llenar el friegaplatos
to mop the floorfregar el suelo, pasar la mopa
to mow the lawncortar el césped
to openabrir
to open/draw the curtainsabrir/correr las cortinas
to do up/ renovateredecorar
to repairreparar
to sit (down)sentarse
to sweep (up)barrer
to tidy upordenar, organizar, arreglar
to turn/switch offapagar
to wake updespertarse
to wash/ have a washlavarse
to wipelimpiar, pasar un trapo

Y para complementar este post de C1 vocabulary, os traemos un READING, relacionado con el tema:

HOME COMFORT

It was a lazy Sunday afternoon, the lull before the storm of Monday morning madness of alarm clocks, traffic jams and deadlines. The clock struck three and Rebecca’s elbow still rested on the arm of the tapestry-covered sofa. With her fingertips she began caressing the rough piping that ran along its seams. Simultaneously, the toes of her left foot moved back and forth across the edges of the sheepskin rug. This action Rebecca found comforting; it reminded her of being at home as a child when she used to sit in the family sitting room, her toes playing with the fringes of another kind of rug. Her mother would snap at her to stop it, so of course she did it all the more.

Rebecca had a sudden whiff of the glue that Katy was applying to make one of her artistic creations. Her daughter was seated on a cushion right in the middle of the room, looking like an island, surrounded by a sea of cardboard cut-offs, sequins, felt-tip pens, and pristine sheets of white A4 paper that she had disobediently pinched from her father’s study. She really should be working at the kitchen table, Rebecca thought, but I don’t have the appetite for the outburst that might happen if my genius-daughter-at-work is disturbed. Every three minutes and 50 seconds Katy got up to replay Kylie Minogue’s version of ‘The Locomotion’.

“Why don’t you listen to the CD all the way through, Katy?” her dad said, who was sprawled out on the other sofa. “You’d like the other songs as well.” “Nah, too boring.”

Rebecca glanced at David and then said, “I could do with something to perk me up.” Her words trailed off with a heavy sigh, and then a yawn. It was the first in a series of hints that she would like him to get up and make her a cup of tea.

On the lamp table next to the sofa, she noticed a letter that had been delivered a week ago, advertising exercises classes and a slimming club. She had kept it on the table as a reminder, or perhaps to conjure up the same kind of magical effect that people believe in when they splash out on membership to a fancy gym without going near the place more than once every two months.

“Have you seen this flyer?” she said to her husband. “Just the thought of going for a workout makes me want to go and lie down.” Once more she didn’t get a response. “Who’s going to make the tea then?” was her third and most blatant attempt to get a drink before she died of thirst.

He stood up. “I suppose it’s my turn. Again.” He went off into the kitchen while Rebecca, the victor, snuggled a bit further into the sofa. Charlie, who’d been asleep on the sheepskin rug, now started up with his own brand of baby chatter. He was attempting to cover the whole repertoire of vowel sounds this afternoon, like a singer performing warm-up exercises. Then, occasionally, he jammed his fingers into his mouth to make a sound approaching an elongated ‘w’.

He lay underneath a baby gym, which consisted of a tubular frame in patriotic colours of red, white and blue and a top bar, from which dangled two clowns, one on a swing and one in a position that Rebecca thought was called a pike. (It was a long time ago that she had achieved her gold star award in the trampoline.) Once Charlie made eye contact with Rebecca, his happy babbling began to turn into a grizzle.

“Does Charlie want feeding again?” Rebecca asked in the baby voice that irritated them all, herself included. She bent down to scoop her son up. “Mum, he doesn’t want feeding again. You’ve only just fed him,” Katy said. “I’ll try – just in case he’s hungry.” In the kitchen she warmed through the mush of potatoes and broccoli that Charlie liked and took it back through to be with Katy.

Luckily, the baby was actually ready for a feed, which meant that Rebecca not only saved face with her daughter, but showed that she had no need to feel guilty about sending her husband to make the tea. David walked back in the sitting room that very minute, her cup of Earl Grey with its delicate scent of bergamot wobbling in its saucer. In his other hand he clutched a large mug. Rebecca gave him a warning look that dared him not to put the cups down on the oak blanket box that served as their coffee table. Its surface was already scarred by two rings where hot drinks had been carelessly placed directly onto it.

“Thanks. You’re a treasure.” She settled down to feed Charlie, knowing that her tea would be the perfect temperature to drink in one go by the time he had had enough. “Where’s Katy got to?” David said, after a few minutes. The answer came from upstairs as they heard the sound of their older child passing through the curtain in the doorway of her bedroom. It was like those beaded curtains that used to be in fashion when Rebecca was a child, but instead of beads this one was formed from a dazzling collection of pink, purple and silver shimmering plastic squares. She couldn’t remember which one of them had named it the ‘jingle-jangler’ but it was very apt.

Questions

  1. 1) Rebecca’s mood at the start of the story is
    1.   calm and reflective
    2. cross and irritable
    3. restless and agitated
    4. sad and upset.

2) What action does Rebecca take with her daughter?

  1. She reprimands Katy for making a mess on the floor.
  2. She asks David to speak to Katy.
  3. She appeals to Katy to play a wider range of music.
  4. She does nothing in order to avoid a fuss.

3) What is Rebecca’s attitude to the letter lying on the table?

  1. The adverb’s claims are misleading.
  2. She hopes it will prompt her to take up exercise.
  3. It makes her feel more motivated.
  4. She thinks the slimming club is good value for money.

4) When David first leaves the sitting room, Rebecca is

  1. relieved that her baby is awake.
  2. surprised to hear her baby chattering.
  3. guilty that she’s being lazy.
  4. glad to have got her own way.

5) Rebecca is worried when her husband brings in the drinks because

  1. he might trip over Katy’s equipment.
  2. he doesn’t like the smell of her tea.
  3. tea is dripping from the saucer.
  4. he might damage an item of furniture.

6) The curtain referred to in Katy’s bedroom

  1. is identical in design to one from a previous generation.
  2. makes a tinkling sound.
  3. is made up of unusual colours.
  4. keeps out the light at night.

https://www.flo-joe.co.uk/cae/students/tests/1part3.htm

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