Espai Jove (Tuesday 19h; Teacher: Carla Clausell)
Student’s book: Pages 97,98,139
En este post, os traemos información más detallada de las formas y usos del present perfect simple, que se vieron la semana pasada y podéis realizarlo para la clase de mañana.
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
We form the present perfect simple by using the auxiliary verb have/has followed by the past participle of the main verb.
Subject + Have/Has + Past Participle.
In a negation, have/has is followed by not. The short forms are haven’t/hasn’t.
Subject + Have/Has+ not + Past Participle.
In order to form a question, we use have/has at the beginning of the sentence followed by the subject.
Have/Has+ Subject+ Past Participle?
Have been to-have gone to
We use has/have been in order to talk about one’s experiences, places one has been to, places one has travelled to.
He likes adventure. He’s been to Africa, Asia and Australia.
We use has/have gone in order to say that one has gone somewhere and is still there. The phrase have gone to is the answer we get when we look for someone who is away.
Where is Mary? She’s gone to the supermarket.
We use the present perfect simple for:
-An act which took place in the past without specifying when.
I’ve seen your mum at the supermarket.
-An act which took place in the past and affects the present.
She has worked in this company for 3 years.
-Our experiences, ie: things we have or we have not done.
I’ve been to the USA, but I haven’t been to China.
The word for describes the duration of an act (e.g. how many years, how many hours).
He’s lived in London for ten years.
The word since refers to the point in time an act started (e.g. since last Monday, since 1998).
He’s lived in London since 2000
2-You can use the present perfect with just, already, yet, still:
Just: a short time ago
I have just eaten a sandwich. I’m not hungry.
Already: we use already to say that something happened sooner than expected.
-I have already done my homework.
Yet: until now. Yet shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences.
Has it stopped raining yet?
I’ve written a letter, but I haven’t sent it yet.
Still: we use stilll to say that a situation or action is continuing. With the present perfect, still is used in negative sentences.
I wrote to him months ago and he still hasn’t replied.
3-Other time expressions we normaly use with the present perfect simple are: Never, ever, recently, in the last few days, so far, today, this evening, this year…
I have never been to London.
Have you ever been to England?
Have you heard from John recently?
I’ve met a lot of people in the last few days.
Everything’s going well. We haven’t had any problems so far.
I’ve drunk three cups of tea today.
I haven’t seen rose this morning.
Complete the following sentences with just, already, yet, still:
1 We can’t have pasta again. We’ve __________ had it four times this week.
2 I haven’t phoned Mary __________. I’ll do it when I come back home.
3 John sends his love. I’ve __________ seen him in the high street.
4 We’re going to a concert on Friday, but we haven’t __________ bought the tickets.
5 A. Do you know anything about Tom?
B. Oh!! He’s fine. I’ve __________ spoken to him on the phone.
6 Helen says she’s__________this minute caught the train so she’ll be here in half an hour.
7 She __________hasn’t bought the tickets. I hope she does it soon.
8. I can’t decide. I__________haven’t made a decision.
9. Have you seen the movie Avatar__________?
10 A: Can I go online now, please?
B: sorry, I haven’t finished using the computer __________.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the present perfect simple.
1 I_________ a new mobile home. (just/buy).
2. _________ a cat without a tail? (you/ever/see).
3 My sister_________ sushi (never/eat).
4. We _________ your new tape yet.(hear).
5 how many words _________ for your language project? (you/write).
6 Sheila_________ her breackfast yet (have).
7 What _________ to the computer? (they/do).
8 John and Alex_________ in France for 20 years.
9 Where _________ my keys? (I have)
10 Simon _________ Mary’s parent’s yet (meet).
Fill in the gaps with for and since:
1 I haven’t been to Erika’s house _________ May.
2 Lukas has worked in the bank _________five years.
3 I have known him _________ I was six.
4 It has rained _________ more than three days.
5 They have been married_________1999.
English grammar in use, grammar time 4,