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Irregular verbs: To be

Comenzar de nuevo con las publicaciones en el blog significa un ‘volver a empezar’ pero también una continuación, pues sabéis que nos volvemos a reiniciar y a presentar novedades, pero además seguimos con algunos contenidos dejados a medias u olvidados. Hoy queremos dedicar el post de los miércoles con Verbos, a uno básico pero irregular y que deberíamos tener muy claro pero a veces por ser tan básico, nos juega malas pasadas, por lo que comenzamos este curso verbal con ‘to be’.

Verb ‘to be’

Use:
Use be with:

Names Hello, I’m John.
Your age How old are you?
I’m 17.
Places London is in England.  
The Pyramids are in Egypt. 
The bank is one kilometre from here.
Adjectives This hotel is nice. 
I’m hungry. 
Jobs and family I’m a student.
My parents are doctors.
This is my sister.
Ann and Tom are my children.
Other Nouns Jess is a dog.
‘Hamlet’ is a play.
adjective + noun That’s a nice dress.
She’s a good actor.

Form:

Positive sentences

I am / ‘m cold / hungry
a student / a teacher
at home / in the kitchen
You / We / They are / ’re
He / She / It is / ‘s

Negative Sentences

I am not / ‘m not cold / hungry
a student / a teacher
at home / in the kitchen
You / We / They are not / aren’t / ’re not
He / She / It is not / isn’t  / ‘s not

Questions

Am I cold / hungry?
a student / a teacher?
at home / in the kitchen?
Are you / we / they
Is he / she / it

Short answers

Yes, I am.
you are.
he / she / it is.
we are.
they are.
No, I’m not.
you aren’t / you’re not.
he isn’t / he’s not.
we aren’t / we’re not.
they aren’t / they’re not.

Contractions

The verb be has a full form and a contracted form.
I am = I’m
He is = He’s

We normally use the contracted form (‘m / ‘s / ‘re) in speaking and informal writing.
We write the words in full in formal writing.

You can only use one contraction at a time:
eg: He isn’t
He’s not
but NOT He’sn’t

You can contract ‘be’ after pronouns (I, you, she etc) and names.

You can contract ‘is’ after question words.
What is your name? => What’s your name?
But do not contract ‘are’ after question words.
Where are you from? => Where’re you from?

Do not contract short answers:
Yes, I am NOT Yes, I’m

Common mistakes
1. In English, every sentence must have a verb. Some students write sentences with no verb.
I very hungry. => I’m very hungry
My brother in his bedroom. => My brother is in his bedroom.

2. Some students write questions incorrectly.
She is your sister? => Is she your sister?

http://www.examenglish.com/grammar/be.htm

thanks for reading

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