Hoy es un lunes más alegre de lo normal, porque mañana es festivo y parece viernes, pero tenemos post de gramática como cada lunes. Repasamos las preposiciones y además hacemos algunos ejercicios para practicar con Grammar tips.
Prepositions – Time
|· at||· for night
· for weekend
· a certain point of time (when?)
|· at night
· at the weekend
· at half past nine
|· in||· months / seasons
· time of day
· after a certain period of time (when?)
|· in August / in winter
· in the morning
· in 2006
· in an hour
|· on||· days of the week||· on Monday|
|· since||· from a certain point of time (past till now)||· since 1980|
|· for||· over a certain period of time (past till now)||· for 2 years|
|· ago||· a certain time in the past||· 2 years ago|
|· before||· earlier than a certain point of time||· before 2004|
|· to||· telling the time||· ten to six (5:50)|
|· past||· telling the time||· ten past six (6:10)|
|· to / till / until||· marking the beginning and end of a period of time||· from Monday to/till Friday|
|· till / until||· in the sense of how long something is going to last||· He is on holiday until Friday.|
|· by||· in the sense of at the latest
· up to a certain time
|· I will be back by 6 o’clock.|
Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)
|· at||· meaning next to, by an object
· for table
· for events
· place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
|· at the door, at the station
· at the table
· at a concert, at the party
· at the cinema, at school, at work
|· in||· room, building, street, town, country
· book, paper etc.
· car, taxi
· picture, world
|· in the kitchen, in London
· in the book
· in the car, in a taxi
· in the picture, in the world
|· on||· attached
· for a place with a river
· being on a surface
· for a certain side (left, right)
· for a floor in a house
· for public transport
· for television, radio
|· the picture on the wall
· London lies on the Thames.
· on the table
· on the left
· on the first floor
· on the bus
· on TV, on the radio
|· by, next to, beside||· left or right of somebody or something||· Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.|
|· under||· on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else||· the bag is under the table|
|· below||· lower than something else but above ground||· the fish are below the surface|
|· over||· covered by something else
· meaning more than
· getting to the other side (also across)
· overcoming an obstacle
|· put a jacket over your shirt
· over 16 years of age
· walk over the bridge
· climb over the wall
|· above||· higher than something else, but not directly over it||· a path above the lake|
|· across||· getting to the other side (also over)
· getting to the other side
|· walk across the bridge
· swim across the lake
|· through||· something with limits on top, bottom and the sides||· drive through the tunnel|
|· to||· movement to person or building
· movement to a place or country
· for bed
|· go to the cinema
· go to London / Ireland
· go to bed
|· into||· enter a room / a building||· go into the kitchen / the house|
|· towards||· movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)||· go 5 steps towards the house|
|· onto||· movement to the top of something||· jump onto the table|
|· from||· in the sense of where from||· a flower from the garden|
Other important Prepositions
|· from||· who gave it||· a present from Jane|
|· of||· who/what does it belong to
· what does it show
|· a page of the book
· the picture of a palace
|· by||· who made it||· a book by Mark Twain|
|· on||· walking or riding on horseback
· entering a public transport vehicle
|· on foot, on horseback
· get on the bus
|· in||· entering a car / Taxi||· get in the car|
|· off||· leaving a public transport vehicle||· get off the train|
|· out of||· leaving a car / Taxi||· get out of the taxi|
|· by||· rise or fall of something
· travelling (other than walking or horseriding)
|· prices have risen by 10 percent
· by car, by bus
|· at||· for age||· she learned Russian at 45|
|· about||· for topics, meaning what about||· we were talking about you|
|· with||· in the same place as sth/ sb
· follows adjectives which refer to reactions and feelings
· what we use to do something
|· I arrived with my friend
· He got angry with them
· Open it with a knife
· The house with the big windows.
|· for||· purpose for something
· because (very formal)
|· I go for some food
· For a couple of hours
· 2 for 3€
· For it is a creature of legend
|· down||· in or moving to a low or lower position or level
· towards the south
|· down the hill
· down to Granada
· down the corridor
- the picture, I can see a woman.
- The woman is sittinga table.
- She is sittinga chair.
- There is another chairthe woman.
- Her feet arethe table
- The woman is holding a cupher hands.
- the table are a laptop, a paper, a calculator, an appointment calendar, two pens and a muffin.
- The woman is lookingher laptop.
- The woman’s bag isthe table.
- Peter is playing tennis Sunday.
- My brother’s birthday is the 5th of November.
- My birthday is May.
- We are going to see my parents the weekend.
- 1666, a great fire broke out in London.
- I don’t like walking alone in the streets night.
- What are you doing the afternoon?
- My friend has been living Canada for two years.
- I have been waiting for you seven o’clock.
- I will have finished this essay Friday.
Decide whether to use »since« or »for«.
- I have been waiting4 o’clock.
- Sue has only been waiting20 minutes.
- Tim and Tina have been learning Englishsix years.
- Fred and Frida have been learning French1998.
- Joe and Josephine have been going out togetherValentine’s Day.
- I haven’t been on holidaylast July.
- Mary has been saving her moneymany years.
- I haven’t eaten anythingbreakfast.
- You have been watching TVhours.
- We have been living here2 months.
You can see more exercises and corrections on this webpage: https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/prepositions